As Top Secret Writers wrote in 2015, false flag operations are nothing new (1). The origins of the “false flag” term date back to naval warfare where a nation would use a flag that wasn’t their own true battle flag in order to deceive the enemy. Flying their enemy’s flag instead of their own was a pretty effective way to sneak up on the enemy’s ship and attack.
The Manchurian Incident is regarded as an example of a false flag. The Manchurian Incident, or Manchurian Crisis as it is also commonly called, involves the fate of Manchuria, a region in north-western China, which comprised on the Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Russians had occupied the region for a number of years. In 1929, the Russians became involved in a dispute with the Chinese over who had control over the China’s Eastern Railway, which crossed into the Manchuria border.
Japan in Manchuria
As well as contending with the Russians occupation of Manchuria, the Chinese opposed the Japanese’s active presence in Manchuria, which, according to United States History.com, had been sanctioned by international agreements (1).
Japan controlled the South Manchurian Railway, with Japanese soldiers patrolling the tracks. While China was disgruntled by foreign presence in Manchuria, as US History writes, it was too “weak and fragmented to resist.” However, nationalist movements were being carried out by the 1920s.
In 1931, an explosion in the south section of the railroad track took place, which acted as a pretext for the Japanese invasion by enabling the Japanese to invade the territory fully as the faced little resistance. Japan’s military immediately took the opportunity to move soldiers from their already established base into other areas of South Manchuria.
According to accounts of the Manchurian Incident, also known as the Mukden Incident, on September 18, 1931, Lt. Suemori Kawamoto, detonated dynamite at the railway that was owned by Japan’s South Manchuria Railway.
However, the explosion was too weak and it barely damaged the track though it was enough ammunition for the Imperial Japanese Army to blame the act on Chinese dissidents and launch an invasion which led to the Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
False Flag Operation
When exposed to the international community, it was determined that Japan’s invasion was not an act of defense, as Japan had purposely publicized.
Instead the false flag operation eventually led to Japan being withdrawn from the League of Nations, the United Nations precursor, in 1933.
Being a “highly orchestrated” move, it was evident the Japanese had planned the explosion in advance in order to extend their occupation of Manchuria, a blatant case of one country exploiting a ‘false flag’ for its own gain.
References & Image Credits:
(1) TSW: What Is a False Flag Attack and Why Should You Care
(2) US History
(3) Images Manchurian Crisis